Changes and suggestions for Chapter 11 – Diet and Nutrition  - Updated August 10, 2015

This table lists changes in blue and suggestions in green. The location of each change and suggestion is specified by book page number, text column, and paragraph (¶) in the column. The first line of text in a column begins the first paragraph in that column even if the first line begins in the middle of a sentence.

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CHAPTER 11 – Diet and Nutrition

 

 

 

 

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For vast information on nutrition starting at the US Department of Agriculture web page on Food and Nutrition, go to http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/usda/usdahome?navid=DIETARY_HEALTH&navtype=RT&parentnav=FOOD_NUTRITION.
 

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The Food Guide Pyramids are outdated. They were replaced with MyPlate, which seems to lack information specific for elders. Go to http://www.choosemyplate.gov/.

For a history, explanation and critique of MyPlate, go to http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/pyramid-full-story/.


To download and use the MyPlate icon and related graphics, go to http://www.choosemyplate.gov/print-materials-ordering/graphic-resources.html and
http://www.choosemyplate.gov/food-groups/downloads/MyPlate/MyPlateGraphicsStandards.pdf.

For information about a specialized MyPlate for elders, go to http://www.nutrition.tufts.edu/research/myplate-older-adults .
 

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To see all the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), go to and http://fnic.nal.usda.gov/dietary-guidance/dietary-reference-intakes/dri-tables-and-application-reports and https://fnic.nal.usda.gov/dietary-guidance/dietary-reference-intakes.

To calculate DRIs for an individual, go to http://fnic.nal.usda.gov/fnic/interactiveDRI/.
 

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Fig. 11.1

To see old Food Guide Pyramids and the new MyPlate updates and applications, go to  http://www.choosemyplate.gov/ .

To see information about a specialized MyPlate for elders, go to
http://www.nutrition.tufts.edu/research/myplate-older-adults . To download and use the MyPlate icon and related graphics, go to http://www.choosemyplate.gov/print-materials-ordering/graphic-resources.html and
http://www.choosemyplate.gov/food-groups/downloads/MyPlate/MyPlateGraphicsStandards.pdf.

To calculate DRIs for an individual, go to http://fnic.nal.usda.gov/fnic/interactiveDRI/.
 

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The U.S. RDAs have been replaced by the Reference Daily Intake (RDI). The list includes only values for protein, vitamins, and minerals for use in nutrition labeling. The values for the U.S. RDAs were essentially the same as those in the RDIs except for protein. Food labeling information on Reference Daily Intakes (RDIs), Daily Reference Values (DRVs), Daily Values (DVs),, and % DVs is at  http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/GuidanceDocumentsRegulatoryInformation/LabelingNutrition/ucm064928.htm.

Information from the FDA called "How to Understand and Use the Nutrition Facts Label" is at http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/LabelingNutrition/ucm274593.htm.

Information for elders from the FDA called "Using the Nutrition Facts Label: A How-To Guide for Older Adults" is at
http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/LabelingNutrition/ucm267499.htm.
 

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The ESADDIs are published in Recommended Dietary Allowances: 10th Edition, Food and Nutrition Board, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council (1989). A free on-line version can be seen and downloaded by going to http://www.nap.edu/catalog/1349.html . Some ESADDIs are in the Summary Table on page 284 and at http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=1349&page=284 .
 

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An on-line version of the reference book Dietary Reference Intakes: Applications in Dietary Planning (2003) from the Food and Nutrition Board and the Institute of Medicine is at http://www.nap.edu/books/0309088534/html/ .

The tables of Dietary Reference Intakes are at http://www.nap.edu/download.php?record_id=10872#, and more information about DRIs is at http://iom.nationalacademies.org/Global/Search.aspx?q=dietary%20reference%20intakes%20%28filetype:html%20|%20filetype:aspx%20%29&spell=1&output=xml_no_dtd&client=iom_frontend&site=iom&ie=UTF-8&access=p
 

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For nutrition information, exercise, and recommendations for the elderly, go to http://nutritionandaging.fiu.edu/ . It is developed by the National Resource Center on Nutrition, Physical Activity & Aging.

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For a list of factors contributing to malnutrition among the elderly, see http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblmal.htm .

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For a list of factors that influence the amounts and types of food eaten, go to  http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tbleat.htm .

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For the U.S. National Library of Medicine and NIH comprehensive web site about obesity, go to http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/obesity.html .

For “Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults” by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, go to http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK2003/

For a PDF file of report on obesity, go to http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/ob_gdlns.pdf . Go to page 12 of the report for the section on health risks and other outcomes from obesity (e.g., social, psychological). For the NHLBI BMI calculator, go to http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/educational/lose_wt/BMI/bmicalc.htm

For the NHLBI web page with tips and information about overweight, go to http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/lose_wt/index.htm .

For the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention web site on “Overweight and Obesity”, go to
 http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/index.htm . It has links to diverse topics about obesity and weight control (e.g., contributing factors, trends, consequences, recommendations, BMI calculators) .

For the Merck comprehensive
web site about obesity, go to http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/disorders-of-nutrition/obesity-and-the-metabolic-syndrome/obesity .

For the Endocrine Society's  web site about obesity and Obesity In America, go to http://obesityinamerica.org/ .
 

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For a list of problems increased by obesity, go to http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblobese.htm .
 

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For tips on limiting fat intake, see also http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblfats.htm .
 

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For a list of problems from having too little body water, go to http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblurn.htm .
 

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For a list of problems from having too much body water, go to http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblurn.htm .
 

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For detailed information about vitamins, go to http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblvit.htm .
 

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For detailed information about minerals, go to http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblvit.htm .
 

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See also http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblalc.htm .
 

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For the Wikipedia on-line encyclopedia site on caloric restriction, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caloric_restriction .

For the NIA web page on caloric restriction, go to https://www.nia.nih.gov/site-search/caloric restriction .

For the Caloric Restriction Society web site, go to http://www.crsociety.org/ .
 
       

 

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