Changes and suggestions for Chapter 11 – Diet and Nutrition

This table lists changes in blue and suggestions in green. The location of  each change and suggestion is specified by book page number, text column, and paragraph (¶) in the column. The first line of text in a column begins the first paragraph in that column even if the first line begins in the middle of a sentence.

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CHAPTER 11 – Diet and Nutrition

 

 

 

 

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Vast information on nutrition can be obtained by starting at the US Department of Agriculture web page on Food and Nutrition at
 http://www.usda.gov/wps/portal/!ut/p/_s.7_0_A/7_0_1OB?navtype=SU&navid=FOOD_NUTRITION
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To see the new Food Guide Pyramids, updates and applications, go to http://www.mypyramid.gov/index.html .
For an animated explanation of the new Food Guide Pyramid, go to http://www.mypyramid.gov/global_nav/media_animation.html


To see information about a specialized Food Pyramid for elders, go to http://nutrition.tufts.edu/magazine/1999fall/pyramid.html .
To download this Food Pyramid, go to
http://nutrition.tufts.edu/consumer/pyramid.html
.
 

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To see all the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), go to http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/etext/000105.html .
 

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Fig. 11.1

To see the new Food Guide Pyramids, updates and applications, go to http://www.mypyramid.gov/index.html .

To see information about a specialized Food Pyramid for elders, go to http://nutrition.tufts.edu/magazine/1999fall/pyramid.html . To  download this Food Pyramid, go to http://nutrition.tufts.edu/consumer/pyramid.html
.
 

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The U.S. RDAs have been replaced by the Reference Daily Intake (RDI). The list includes only values for protein, vitamins, and minerals for use in nutrition labeling. The values for the U.S. RDAs are essentially the same as those in the RDIs except for protein, though the RDIs may be changed. A table listing the RDIs is within the document http://www.fda.gov/fdac/special/foodlabel/dvs.html .

The RDIs are also listed at http://www.fda.gov/ora/inspect_ref/igs/nleaatd.html#ATTACHMENT%208 . The list includes only nutrients with values listed in the Daily Reference Values (DRVs) and the Reference Daily Intakes (RDIs).

New definitions and descriptions of the nutritional terms and Reference Daily Intakes (RDIs), Daily Values (DVs), Daily Reference Values, (DRVs), and Recommended Dietary Allowances RDAs can be found at
http://www.fda.gov/fdac/special/foodlabel/dvs.html
.
 

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The ESADDIs are published in Recommended Dietary Allowances: 10th Edition, Food and Nutrition Board, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council (1989). A free on-line version can be seen by going to http://www.nap.edu/catalog/1349.html . The ESADDIs are in the Summary Tables at http://darwin.nap.edu/books/0309046335/html/284.html .

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An on-line version of the reference book Dietary Reference Intakes: Applications in Dietary Planning (2003) from the Food and Nutrition Board and the Institute of Medicine is at http://www.nap.edu/books/0309088534/html/ .

The tables of Dietary Reference Intakes are at http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/etext/000105.html#q2 and at http://www.iom.edu/Object.File/Master/21/372/0.pdf .

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To see nutrition information, exercise, and recommendations for the elderly, go to http://nutritionandaging.fiu.edu/ . It is developed by the National Resource Center on Nutrition, Physical Activity & Aging.

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For a list of factors contributing to malnutrition among the elderly, see http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblmal.htm .

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For a list of factors that influence the amounts and types of food eaten, go to  http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tbleat.htm .

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For the U.S. National Library of Medicine and NIH comprehensive web site about obesity, go to http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/obesity.html .

For “Clinical Guidelines on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults” by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, go to http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/ob_gdlns.htm . For a PDF file of report on obesity, go to http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/obesity/ob_gdlns.pdf . Go to page 12 of the report for the section on health risks and other outcomes from obesity (e.g., social, psychological). For the NHLBI BMI calculator, go to http://nhlbisupport.com/bmi/ . For the NHLBI web page with tips and information about overweight, go to http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/lose_wt/index.htm .

For the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention web site on “Overweight and Obesity”, go to
 http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/index.htm . It has links to diverse topics about obesity and weight control (e.g., contributing factors, trends, consequences, recommendations, BMI calculators) .

For the Merck comprehensive web site about obesity,  go to
 
http://www.mercksource.com/portal/site/mercksource/zQzmenuItemzEzConditionPagezAzconditionzEzObesity&tcode=J0540 .
 

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For a list of problems increased by obesity, go to http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblobese.htm .
 

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For tips on limiting fat intake, see also http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblfats.htm .
 

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For a list of problems from having too little body water, go to http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblurn.htm .
 

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For a list of problems from having too much body water, go to http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblurn.htm .
 

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For detailed information about vitamins, go to http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblvit.htm .
 

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For detailed information about minerals, go to http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblvit.htm .
 

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See also http://www.biologyofhumanaging.com/tblalc.htm .
 

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For the Wikipedia on-line encyclopedia site on caloric restriction, go to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caloric_restriction .

For the NIA web page on caloric restriction, go to http://www.nia.nih.gov/NewsAndEvents/PressReleases/PR19960429NewFindings.htm .

For the Caloric Restriction Society web site, go to
http://calorierestriction.org/ .
       

 

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© Copyright 2006 - Augustine G. DiGiovanna - All rights reserved.
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